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Biometric Template Security

With the large scale deployment of biometric systems, a number of security and privacy issues are arising. It was shown that the stored fingerprint minutiae templates can be used to reconstruct the whole fingerprint and thus spoof fingerprints can be easily created to compromise the systems. Further, cross-linking of databases would be possible leading to privacy compromise. To curb such vulnerabilities of a biometric system, a number of template protection techniques are designed that either allow template revocation (called feature transformation based techniques) or keep the system secure even if the stored information is leaked (called biometric cryptosystems). Still significant advances are being made to design techniques that satisfy requirements of revocability as well as biometric cryptosystems and still have high matching performance.

A. Nagar, K. Nandakumar, and A. K. Jain, "Multibiometric Cryptosystems based on Feature Level Fusion", IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 255-268, February 2012.

A. K. Jain and K. Nandakumar, "Biometric Authentication: System Security and User Privacy", IEEE Computer, November, 2012.

A. Nagar, K. Nandakumar, and A. K. Jain, "Multibiometric Cryptosystems", MSU Technical Report, MSU-CSE-11-4, 2011.

J. Feng and A. K. Jain, "Fingerprint Reconstruction: From Minutiae to Phase", IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 209-223, February, 2011.

A. Nagar, K. Nandakumar, and A. K. Jain, "A hybrid biometric cryptosystem for securing fingerprint minutiae templates", Pattern Recognition Letters, Vol. 31, No. 8, pp. 733-741, June 2010 .

A. Nagar, K. Nandakumar, A. K. Jain, "Biometric Template Transformation: A Security Analysis",Proc. of SPIE, Electronic Imaging, Media Forensics and Security XII, San Jose, Jan. 2010.

J. Feng, and A. K. Jain, "FM Model Based Fingerprint Reconstruction from Minutiae Template," Proc. International Conference on Biometrics (ICB), June, 2009.

A. K. Jain, K. Nandakumar, and A. Nagar, "Biometric Template Security," EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing, Special Issue on Advanced Signal Processing and Pattern Recognition Methods for Biometrics, January 2008.

K. Nandakumar, A. K. Jain, and S. Pankanti, "Fingerprint-based Fuzzy Vault: Implementation and Performance," IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 744-757, December 2007.

K. Nandakumar, A. Nagar, and A. K. Jain," Hardening Fingerprint-based Fuzzy Vault Using Password", Proc. 2nd Intl. Conf. on Biometrics (ICB), pp. 927 - 937, Seoul, South Korea, August 2007.

A. Nagar, K. Nandakumar, and A. K. Jain, "Securing Fingerprint Template: Fuzzy Vault with Minutiae Descriptors", Proc. ICPR, Dec., 2008.

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